统一的多民族大家庭United Multi-ethnic Country(2)
United Multi-ethnic Country
China is a united multi-ethnic nation of 56 ethnic groups made up of Han, Mongolian, Hui, Tibetan, Uygur, Miao, Yi, Zhuang, Bouyei, Korean, Man and so on. A policy of equity has always been promoted among the many ethnic groups. The Han ethnic group has the largest population, accounting for 91.59% of the total population. The other 55 ethnic groups are customarily referred to as national minorities. The fifth census (by the end of the 1st of November 2000) showed that the population of the ethnic groups came up to 106.43 million, accounting for about 8.41% of the total population.
The ethnic minorities, with a comparatively small population, are distributed widely in China, but are mostly congregated in the northwest, southwest and northeast. The Uygur people, good at singing and dancing, are concentrated in Xinjiang. Mongolians, long known as the "Grassland people" are mainly distributed on the Mongolian Plateau. Tibetans distributed over the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau are often called the "Eagles of plateau". The Oreqen people inhabiting the mountainous areas of the Xing'an Range are often simply called the "Mountain people". For hundreds of years, various customs and habits of different Chinese ethnic groups have developed under different natural, social and historical conditions.