高山族 The Gaoshan ethnic group
The Gaoshan people have lived for generations in Taiwan Province, and were the earliest residents of the island, mainly distributed in mountainous areas and the Zonggu Plain in eastern Taiwan, with a few scattered around the mainland in Fujian Province, Beijing, Shanghai, Wuhan, etc.
The Gaoshan people mainly engage in farming, planting rice, millet, taro and sweet potato, but some live on fishing.
Their clothes are mostly made of linen and cotton, with exquisite craftsmanship. Men wear a shawl, waistcoat, short gown and short pants. Women can dye and weave various pieces of colorful linen cloth. They wear a short jacket, a gown draped over one shoulder, and an apron. Also, they like to embroider the two pieces making up the front of a Chinese jacket or gown, sleeves, scarf, apron, and wear ornaments made of shells and animal bones.
The Gaoshan ethnic group has beautiful folk songs, ancient ballads, myths and legends. The mouth qin (a kind of wind musical instrument made of bamboo slices with threaded covers at both ends, played by blowing across holes), bamboo flute, nose xiao (a vertical bamboo flute) and bow qin are commonly used. On festive occasions, people gather to sing and dance. The Gaoshan people also like carving and painting; their houses, musical instruments, and daily necessities are all carved with beautiful patterns, most of which are images with a snake's head and human's body.