中国华文教育网
傣族 The Dai ethnic group
2009年09月03日 08:57

  傣 族

  傣族主要聚居在云南省西双版纳地区。那里山川秀丽,气候温和,雨量充足,到处有竹林、椰树和香蕉林,是个四季常青的地方。在大片的原始森林中,有很多珍禽异兽。美丽的孔雀常常在丛林中、溪水边翩翩起舞。人们便把傣族人生活的地方称为“孔雀之乡”。

  竹楼,是傣族人居住的房屋。竹楼分为上下两层,上层住人,下层堆放杂物和关牲畜。在傣族居住的乡村里,还建有许多佛寺,一般男孩子长到八九岁时,都要到佛寺里当一段时间的小和尚。

  傣族人的服装一般都是用妇女自己织的布做成的。男子穿无领短衫、长裤,大多用白布或蓝布包头。妇女们喜欢穿窄袖短上衣和长到脚面的筒裙,一般都把长发盘在头顶,再插上一把漂亮的月牙梳。

  泼水节是傣族一年一度的盛大节日。泼水节的清晨,男女老少沐浴后,都要换上节日盛装,到佛寺里为佛洗尘,然后互相泼洒象征吉祥如意的清水。据说,身上被泼的清水越多,在新的一年里就会越幸福。

  傣族人的节日非常多,每到过节的时候,能歌善舞的傣族人都要敲起芒锣和象脚鼓,跳起优美的孔雀舞,庆祝节日。

  The Dai

  The Dai people mainly live in the Xishuangbanna area in Yunnan Province. It has beautiful mountains, a mild climate, abundant rainfall, and there are bamboo forests, coconut trees and banana trees everywhere. In the vast primeval forest, there are many rare birds and unusual animals. Pretty peacocks often dance gracefully along jungle trails or beside a brook. Thus, people call the place which the Dai people inhabit "the Land of Peacocks".

  Dai people have traditionally lived in two-storied bamboo stilt house, the upper story for living and the lower for storage and feeding livestock. Their villages contain many temples. Generally when a Dai boy is eight or nine years old, he will be sent to a temple as a monk for a period.

  Dai clothes are generally made of cloth woven by the local women. Men wear a collarless short Chinese jacket, long trousers and white or blue headpiece. Women like to wear a short jacket with tight sleeves and straight skirt covering the instep; they usually coil their hair on top of the head with a beautiful crescent comb.

  The Water-Sprinkling Festival is an annual grand festival for the Dai ethnic group. In the morning, they take a bath and then dress carefully before going to the temples to wash away the dust for the Buddha, and then sprinkle water on each other as a symbol of auspiciousness. Supposedly, the more water one is sprinkled with, the happier one will be in the forthcoming year.

  The Dai people are good singers and dancers. During their numerous festivals, they play the mangluo gong and the xiangjiaogu (drum on a pedestal shaped like an elephant's leg) and dance the graceful Peacock Dance to celebrate the festival.

【来源:中国华文教育网】