中国茶 Chinese Tea
Chinese people like to drink tea, and often entertain friends and guests with it. The tealeaf is a necessity in the life of Chinese people.
Tea plants originated in China, although the ancient Chinese first used them for medicinal purposes before developing tea as a drink some 2,000 years ago, Later, they gradually learnt to grow tea plants and use the leaves to make various types of tea.
As regards the method of making tea, the Chinese variety can be classified into green tea, black tea, oolong tea, scented tea, tuo tea (bowl-shaped compressed mass of tea leaves), and brick tea, each consisting of many types.
Green tea is not fermented. Famous green tea includes Longjing tea from the region of West Lake in Hangzhou, Biluochun tea from Jiangsu, Maofeng tea from the Huangshan Mountains of Anhui Province, and Liu'an Guapian tead from Liu'an County of Anhui Province.
Black tea is fermented, and is brilliant red. Famous Chinese black tea is keemun tea of Anhui Province, and Dian black tea (Yunnan black tea) of Yunnan Province.
Oolong tea is half fermented, its tealeaves being loose and thick, and the tea is golden yellow. The best oolong tea is bohea produced in the Wuyi Mountains of Fujian Province.
Scented tea is peculiar to China, which is made by smoking tea leaves with fragrant flowers. The most famous one is jasmine tea produced in Fujian Province.
Tuo tea (bowl-shaped compressed mass of tea leaves), produced in Yunnan and Sichuan, is compressed like a round steamed bun.
Brick tea is shaped like a brick, and is a favorite of the Mongolian and Tibetan ethnic groups.
Drinking tea can quench one's thirst, dispel fatigue, help digestion and prevent some diseases. Drinking tea for a long period is quite beneficial to people's health.