爱国情怀 Patriotic Sentiments
Patriotic sentiments, referring to the profound feelings for and belief in the motherland, are an important criterion for the Chinese nation to evaluate a person's conduct and moral level.
Although Chinese people's patriotic sentiments have different contents and features in different historical periods, they have always included a love for the homeland and hometown, love for the people, respect for the traditional customs and common languages of ethnic groups, cherishing China's glorious history, national self-esteem and pride, safeguarding national unity and unification, defending the motherland and national dignity and fighting against all external enemies, caring for the future and fate of the motherland, and working hard for the prosperity and strength of the country. "Everyone being responsible for the fate of his country" has been a common belief for thousands of years.
The patriotic spirit of the Chinese nation has been passed on from generation to generation. Yue Fei of the Song Dynasty served his motherland with selfless loyalty all through his life. Zheng Chenggong, a patriotic person of resolve in the Ming Dynasty, led warships to recover Taiwan at the first attempt after it had been occupied by Dutch colonists for 38 years. Lin Zexu, a statesman of the Qing Dynasty, in order to defend national dignity, gave orders to confiscate and burn the opium imported into China by English and American businessmen. After Japanese imperialists invaded China, the Chinese people rose up against them and ultimately obtained victory in the War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression. Many famous scholars, such as Qian Xuesen and Li Siguang, gave up an easy life in foreign countries to return home to resolutely serve China when the motherland needed them. Many overseas Chinese contribute their efforts for the development and strength of the motherland, showing their sincere love for their homeland and hometown.
Patriotic spirit is a strong cohesive force. When the country has disputes between ethnic groups or is split, people can always defend national unity and unification from the overall interests of the state and the righteous cause of the Chinese nation under the influence of a patriotic spirit. At a dangerous and adverse moment of external threat, all ethnic groups, under the flag of patriotism, can always rise up in unity to resist the aggressor and safeguard the independence and dignity of the country. In time of economic development, all Chinese at home and abroad can always make joint efforts for the take-off of the Chinese nation under the inspiration of patriotic enthusiasm....
Patriotic sentiments, also a strong spiritual power to impel the advancement of individuals, links closely the fate of individual with that of the country and inspires people to render meritorious service and carve out a distinguished career for the people and the country.