崇尚操守 Advocate Integrity
Integrity refers to some good virtues such as upholding the truth, faithfulness and never yielding, honesty and uprightness. Since ancient times, the Chinese nation has valued a person's moral integrity, and considers personal dignity and independence more important than life. The great ideologist Mencius in ancient times considered it the highest moral standard not to be corrupted by riches or honors, not to depart from principle despite poverty or humble origin, and not to submit to force or threat. Through the ages, numerous outstanding Chinese have shown their noble personal integrity.
In the Eastern Han Dynasty (25-220 AD), Emperor Wudi Liu Xiu once ordered Dong Xuan, a county magistrate of Luoyang, to kowtow to his sister and apologize for some alleged wrong he had committed. The magistrate, knowing he was in the right, refused. Even when imperial guards tried to force Dong's head down to the ground, he used his arms to resist and refused to obey even in the face of death.
Wen Tianxiang, national hero in the Southern Song Dynasty (1127-1279 AD), was unfortunately captured when fighting against Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368 AD) soldiers. Despite alternate use of cajolery and cruel torture to force him to submit, Wen Tianxiang refused and eventually went to his death unflinchingly. The lines he wrote after being captured ——"No one can live forever; let me die with a loyal heart shining in the pages of history"——has inspired patriotic people of ideals and integrity.
In the War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression, many Chinese showed great heroism against a strong enemy. In one case, eight women soldiers, although seriously wounded, continued until they ran out of ammunition and then jumped into an adjacent river without fear. Five soldiers of the Eight-Route Army bravely resisted a Japanese advance, and then, with no way to retreat, leapt off a precipice rather than surrender.
Chinese history is full of such heroism too numerous to mention, which provides a certainty the nation will always continue as a colossus in the world.