中国华文教育网
汉语 The Chinese Language
2009年09月03日 09:57

  汉语

  汉语是中国汉民族使用的语言。汉语历史悠久,在3,000多年前就有了相当成熟的文字。

  汉语是使用人数最多的一种语言,全世界大约有12亿人使用汉语。除中国大陆、台湾省和香港、澳门特区外,新加坡、马来西亚等国也有相当一部分人使用汉语,分布在世界各地的几千万华侨、华裔,也以汉语的各种方言作为自己的母语。

  汉语是中国人使用的主要语言,也是联合国的工作语言之一。汉语的标准语是“普通话”,在台湾省被称作“国语”,在新加坡、马来西亚等国被称作“华语”。汉语目前有七大类方言:北方话、吴语、湘语、赣(gan)语、客家话、粤(yue)语、闽(min)语。汉语的普通话既是汉民族的共同语,也是汉民族的标准语。

  中国除了汉语以外,还有几十种其它语言。

  Used by the Han people in China, the Chinese language has a long history, having established a fairly mature written language more than 3,000 years ago.

  The Chinese language has more than 1.2 billion users. In addition to the Chinese mainland, Taiwan Province, Hong Kong and Macao special administrative regions, some people in Singapore and Malaysia use Chinese, and millions of overseas Chinese and foreign citizens of Chinese origin distributed around the world use various Chinese dialectsa as native language. It is also one of the working languages of the United Nations.

  The standard language of Chinese is putonghua (Mandarin) which is called guoyu (national language) in Taiwan Province and huayu (Chinese language) in Singapore and Malaysia. The Chinese language presently has seven dialects: northern dialect, Wu dialect, Xiang or Hunan dialect, Gan dialect, Hakka, Yue or Guangdong dialect and Min dialect. Mandarin is the standard language as well as the common one of the Han people.

【来源:中国华文教育网】