中国华文教育网
南北朝民歌 Folk Songs of the Northern and Southern Dynasties
2009年09月03日 10:08

  南北朝民歌

  从东晋灭亡到隋朝统一的100多年间,是中国历史上南北对峙的南北朝时代。

  南北朝民歌也是人民的口头创作,是汉乐府民歌之后出现的又一批民歌。

  南朝民歌大多是情歌,而且多数是从女子的口中唱出的。《西州曲》是南朝民歌中的代表作,描写了一个女子一年四季对情人的思念。南朝民歌语言清新自然,诗中喜欢用双关语a,显示出了丰富的想象力。保留到今天的南朝民歌大约有500首。

  北朝民歌大部分是少数民族人民创作的。这些民歌从多方面反映了北方各民族的社会生活面貌。由于北朝战争频繁,因此,民歌中反映战争的作品比较多。长篇叙事诗《木兰辞》是北朝民歌中最杰出的作品。它歌颂了女英雄花木兰女扮男装代父从军,奋战疆场,杀敌立功的英雄气概。这在重男轻女的封建社会,具有特殊的意义。这首诗深受人民喜爱,木兰从军的故事还被搬上了银幕、舞台,一直流传到今天。北朝民歌风格豪放,语言朴素,和南朝民歌形成了鲜明的对比。

  南北朝民歌对后来唐朝的诗人有很大的影响。

  The one hundred years from the fall of the Eastern Jin (317-420 AD) to the founding of the Sui Dynasty (581-618 AD) was a period of confrontation between two powers, one in the north and the other in the south. This period is known in Chinese history as the Northern and Southern dynasties (421-581 AD).

  Folk songs of the Northern and Southern dynasties were created orally by people in the wake of Yuefu songs.

  Songs of this genre are mostly love songs. It is worth noting that most were created by women. Ode to Xizhou is a representative work that describes a young woman missing her man in the four seasons of the year. The language used in these songs is refreshing and natural. Punsa are often used, which show the powerful imagination of authors. To date, about 500 folk songs of the Northern and Southern Dynasties have been preserved.

  Folk songs of the Northern Dynasty were mostly created by ethnic groups and reflected the society and their lives. As the Northern Dynasty was riven by wars, most folk songs had something to do with this aspect. The long narrative poem Mulan Ci is the best-known work of that period. It praises the heroine Mulan who, disguised as a man, joins the army on behalf of her father and wins great merit on the battlefield. In a feudal society in which women were regarded as inferior to men, this poem had its special significance. It has maintained its great popularity and has been adapted for the screen and stage. Folk songs of the Northern Dynasty are vigorous in style, with a simple, plain language in sharp contrast to that of folk songs of the Southern Dynasty.

  Folk songs of the Northern and Southern dynasties had great influence on poets of the Tang Dynasty (618-907 AD).

【来源:中国华文教育网】