中国华文教育网
唐诗 Poetry of the Tang Dynasty
2009年09月03日 10:09

  唐诗

  唐代,是中国古典诗歌的全盛时期。在不到300年的时间里,唐诗的创作达到了非常高的水平,产生了许多著名的诗人和诗作。流传到今天的,有近50,000首唐诗和2,300多位诗人的名字。

  唐代最著名的诗人是李白和杜甫,他们都是具有世界声誉的大诗人。

  李白被人们称为“诗仙”,是一位热情奔放、才华横溢的诗人。他一生几乎走遍了中国大地。他的诗歌豪迈奔放,想象奇特,热情地歌颂了祖国的壮丽山河,强烈地表现了对国事的关心,对黑暗政治的不满,对美好理想的追求。李白的诗保存到现在的有990多首,其中的《将进酒》、《蜀道难》、《望庐山瀑布》等名诗,世代被人们传颂。

  杜甫被后人尊为“诗圣”。他年轻时游历过许多名胜古迹,后来又有机会接触到下层人民。不平凡的经历,使他了解了人间的黑暗和人民的苦难。他在诗歌中大胆地揭露了封建王朝的腐朽,深刻地反映了人民生活的疾苦和当时社会的变化。杜甫的诗保留到今天的有1,400多首,其中著名的诗作有《春望》、《兵车行》以及“三吏”、“三别”等。

  唐代的著名诗人还有王维、白居易、李贺、李商隐等。

  唐诗一直受到中国人的喜爱,许多诗歌连儿童都能背诵,如:《静夜思》、《春夜喜雨》等。“欲穷千里目,更上一层楼”、“黄河之水天上来”等唐诗名句,经常被人们引用。唐诗的普及读本《唐诗三百首》,受到了中外读者的欢迎。

  唐代诗歌不仅达到了中国诗歌史的顶峰,而且也是世界诗歌宝库中的奇珍异宝。

  附:

  静夜思 李白

  床前明月光,疑是地上霜。举头望明月,低头思故乡。

  绝句 杜甫

  两个黄鹂鸣翠柳,一行白鹭上青天。窗含西岭千秋雪,门泊东吴万里船。

  The Tang Dynasty witnessed the zenith of Chinese ancient poetry, with many renowned poets and famous works appearing over a period of less than 300 years. Some 50,000 poems and the names of 2,300 poets of that period remain widely known today.

  The best-known poets of the Tang Dynasty are Li Baia (701-762 AD) and Du Fub (712-770 AD).

  Being unconstrained and most talented, Li Bai traveled all over China. With lofty sentiments and powerful imagination, he created many poems in praise of its magnificent mountains and mighty rivers. He also showed deep concern for state affairs, refuting corrupt politics, or expressing his wishes for the realization of his lofty aspirations. Some 900 poems of Li Bai have been preserved, of which the most famous are Invitation to Wine, The Sichuan Road, and Watching the Waterfall at Lushan.

  When Du Fu was young, he visited many scenic spots and places of historical interest. Later, he lived among the poor at the bottom of society. His turbulent experiences enabled him to know better the darkness of human society and people's sufferings. In his poems, he boldly exposed the rottenness of the feudal court, profoundly portrayed people's miserable lives and the social upheavals of the day. About 1,400 of his poems have been preserved today, of which the best-known are Looking out on Spring, Ballad of the Army Carts, The Conscripting Officer at Shihao, The Conscripting Officer at Tongguan, The Conscripting Officer at Xin'an, Farewell to My Husband, Farewell to My Old Wife and Farewell of a Lonely Soul.

  Eminent poets of the Tang also include Wang Wei, Bai Juyi, Li He, Li Shangyin, to name but a few.

  Chinese people are very fond of Tang poetry, and even children can recite some from memory, such as Thoughts in the Silent Night by Li Bai, Good Rain on a Spring Night by Du Fu, etc. Verses like "if you want to widen your view three hundred miles / Go up one more flight of stairs", "Do you not see the Yellow River pouring from the sky" are often quoted. The book of Three Hundred Tang Poems is a bestseller at home and abroad, making Tang poetry also part of the world treasury of great verse.

  Here are two examples:

  Thoughts in the Silent Night Li Bai

  Beside my bed a pool of light

  Is it hoarfrost on the ground?

  I lift my eyes and see the moon,

  I bend my head and think of home.

  Short Impressions Du Fu

  From vivid green willows

  Comes the call of two orioles;

  A file of white water birds

  Rises into the clear blue heavens; as if

  Held in the mouth of my window

  Are the mountains ranges with

  Their snows of many autumns;

  Anchored by our gate are

  The long distance boats of Wu.

【来源:中国华文教育网】