水运 Water Transport
China's water transport has a long history. Early in the Shang Dynasty (1600 -1046 BC) there were sailing boats. The great canal in the Sui Dynasty (581 -618 AD) provided great convenience for south-north water transport. In the Ming Dynasty (1368 -1644 AD), Zheng He (1371 -1433 AD) navigated across seas seven times and reached the eastern coast of Africa in one of his voyages.
China has numerous rivers and a long coastline and advantageous water transport conditions. The Yangtze River is the most important inland shipping artery. Its main stream, from Yibin in Sichuan Province to the sea, has a total length of 2,813 km and is open to navigation all year round. Chongqing, Wuhan and Nanjing are important ports along the river. The Pearl River, the Songhua River, the Heilongjiang River, the Huaihe River and the Beijing-Hangzhou Canal are also of certain navigation value.
China has favorable conditions for marine transportation with many harbors, such as Shanghai, Dalian, Qinhuangdao, Tianjin, Qingdao, Ningbo, Xiamen, Guangzhou and so on. There are shipping routes from these ports to more than 150 countries and regions all over the world.