长江 Yangtze River
The Yangtze River originates from the main peak of the Tanggula Mountains on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, and passes through 11 provinces, cities and autonomous regions of Qinghai, Tibet, Sichuan, Yunnan, Chongqing, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Anhui, Jiangsu and Shanghai, before finally flowing into the East China Sea. With a length of more than 6,300 km, it is the longest river in China and the third longest river in the world.
The upper reaches of the Yangtze feature a big vertical drop, with torrents and many gorges flanked by towering mountains, such as the Tiger-Jumping Gorge, Three Gorges, and so on.
The Tiger-Jumping Gorge
Located in Lijiang Naxi Autonomous County of Yunnan Province, the Tiger-Jumping Gorge is about 16 km long. The mountains on both banks of the gorge rise over 3,000 m above the river and the drop of the roaring river reaches 200 m. At its narrowest point, the gorge is only 30 m wide. It is said that there was once a huge tiger that jumped over it, hence the name "Tiger-Jumping Gorge".
After the Three Gorges, one reaches the plain area in the middle reaches of the river. Here the river broadens and the flow slows down. This part is characterized with many crooked streams, branches and lakes.
Known as the famous land of fish and rice, the lower reaches of the Yangtze River are low and flat, as well as broad and deep. At the spot where the Yangtze enters the sea, the river is 80 ?90 km wide, where the water and sky blend into one splendid color.
Reputed to be "Golden Watercourse", the Yangtze River has not only a high value for shipping, but also beautiful natural scenery and many scenic spots and historical sites.
The drainage area of the Yangtze River is rich in products and the economy is well developed. Many metropolises like Shanghai, Nanjing, Wuhan and Chongqing are distributed here.