内蒙古高原 The Inner Mongolian Plateau
The Inner Mongolian Plateau
With an area of about one million square kilometers and an altitude of more than 1,000 m, the Inner Mongolian Plateau is located in the north of China and is the second largest plateau in the country.
The Inner Mongolian Plateau is vast, with a moderately undulating surface. Seen from a plane, it looks like an immense sea. The plateau has not only vast green pastures, but also deserts of billowing sand. It is one of the areas where natural pasture and desert are distributed.
The Inner Mongolian Plateau has very dry weather and more than one-third of the total desert in China. There are comparatively big deserts, such as the Badain Jaran Desert, Tengger Desert, Ulanbu Desert and Kubuqi Desert.
The Yellow River passes through the Inner Mongolian Plateau, where the river valley expands and sand accumulates into the Hetao Plain - fertile alluvial plain - which is called "Jiangnan (areas south of the lower reaches of the Yangtze River) beyond the Great Wall" by people.
The Inner Mongolian Plateau is the famous natural grassland in China. The verse of "under boundless sky, on vast plains, cows and sheep can be seen when the wind blows and grass lowers" draws a vivid picture of the region. Due to the excessive grazing, the grassland has degenerated into desert in many places. Therefore, environmental improvement is an important part of the government"s western region development strategy.