青藏高原 The Qinghai-Tibet Plateau
The Qinghai-Tibet Plateau
Located in the southwest of China, the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau has an area of about 2.3 million km2 and an average altitude of over 4,000 m. It is honored as the "roof of the world" and is the biggest plateau in China.
The Qinghai-Tibet Plateau is a typical mountainous plateau. It mainly comprises Altyn Tagh Mountains, Qilian Mountains, Kunlun Mountains, Karakorum Mountains, Tanggula Mountains, Gandise Mountains, Nyaindqentanglha Mountains, Hengduan Mountains and the Himalayas. Qomolangma (Mt. Everest) - the highest mountain in the world - is the main peak of the Himalayas.
The Qinghai-Tibet Plateau has low temperature, undulating snow-capped mountains and a large area of glaciers, so it is called a "solid water reservoir". The melted ice and snow is not only the source of many famous rivers in Asia, but also the irrigating source of the inland dry areas in China.
The plateau is an important natural pasture in China. The grasses growing there is not tall, but because of the rich sunshine and active photosynthesis, they are very nutritious. Every summer and fall, herds of cows and sheep graze there. Apart from grazing yaks, Tibetan goats, Tibetan sheep and pian niu (offspring of a bull and a female yak), there are herds of Mongolian gazelle, antelopes, wild ox, Asiatic wild ass, and many other wild animals.