中国华文教育网
昆仑山 The Kunlun Mountains
2009年09月03日 13:55

  昆仑山

  昆仑山西起帕米尔高原,东经青海省到四川省西北部,横贯新疆和西藏之间,全长2,500千米,它像一条长龙横卧在中国的西部,有“亚洲脊柱”之称。

  昆仑山由东、中、西昆仑三部分组成。东昆仑像一只鸟爪一样分出南、中、北三支脉,属于南支的巴颜喀拉山是长江和黄河的分水岭。

  昆仑山海拔多在5,000米以上,许多高峰超过7,000米。每年夏天山顶积雪开始融化,汇成一股股清澈的溪流,滋润?西北干旱的土地,补充?长江和黄河的水源。

  昆仑山气候严寒,冰峰雪岭连绵不断,是中国冰川最多的山,高峰慕士塔格山有“冰川之父”的称号。众多的冰川如条条玉龙盘旋于山谷中,冰塔林、冰瀑布、冰裂缝琳琅满目。丰富的冰川与积雪,成为许多江河的源泉。

  The Kunlun Mountains

  The Kunlun Mountains extend from the Pamirs in the west to the northwest of Sichuan Province, passing through Qinghai Province and crossing between Xinjiang and Tibet. Spanning over 2,500 km, they crouch like a long dragon in the west of China, and are called the "spine of Asia".

  The Kunlun Mountains comprise the Eastern, Middle and Western Kunlun Mountains. The southern, middle and northern branch ranges of Eastern Kunlun Mountains spread like a claw of a bird. The Bayakala Mountain, belonging to the southern branch, is the watershed of the Yangtze and Yellow rivers.

  Most of the peaks in the Kunlun range are over 5,000 m above sea level, and some of them reach more than 7,000 m. Every summer, snow on the top of the mountains begins to melt, forming streams which moisten the dry land in Northwest and supplement the sources of the Yangtze and Yellow rivers.

  The Kunlun Mountains with undulating ice-capped peaks have freezing weather and the most glaciers in China. The Muztag Ata Mountain is reputed to be "the father of glaciers". Numerous glaciers are entrenched in valleys like jade dragons. Seracs, icy waterfalls and ice cracks can be found everywhere. A lot of glaciers and accumulated snow become the sources of many rivers.

【来源:中国华文教育网】