昆仑山 The Kunlun Mountains
The Kunlun Mountains
The Kunlun Mountains extend from the Pamirs in the west to the northwest of Sichuan Province, passing through Qinghai Province and crossing between Xinjiang and Tibet. Spanning over 2,500 km, they crouch like a long dragon in the west of China, and are called the "spine of Asia".
The Kunlun Mountains comprise the Eastern, Middle and Western Kunlun Mountains. The southern, middle and northern branch ranges of Eastern Kunlun Mountains spread like a claw of a bird. The Bayakala Mountain, belonging to the southern branch, is the watershed of the Yangtze and Yellow rivers.
Most of the peaks in the Kunlun range are over 5,000 m above sea level, and some of them reach more than 7,000 m. Every summer, snow on the top of the mountains begins to melt, forming streams which moisten the dry land in Northwest and supplement the sources of the Yangtze and Yellow rivers.
The Kunlun Mountains with undulating ice-capped peaks have freezing weather and the most glaciers in China. The Muztag Ata Mountain is reputed to be "the father of glaciers". Numerous glaciers are entrenched in valleys like jade dragons. Seracs, icy waterfalls and ice cracks can be found everywhere. A lot of glaciers and accumulated snow become the sources of many rivers.