戚继光抗倭 Qi Jiguang Repels Japanese Pirates
At the end of the Yuan Dynasty and in the early years of the Ming Dynasty, Japanese pirates often harassed China's coastal areas, sometimes in collaboration with Chinese pirates. Finally, the Ming court resolved to bolster the coastal defenses, and ordered Qi Jiguang to put an end to the pirate menace.
Qi Jiguang (1528-1587 AD) was born in Penglai, Shandong Province. In 1556, he was assigned to deal with the problem of Japanese pirates in the coastal areas of Zhejiang Province. Dismayed at the low morale and lack of training of the soldiers he found there, Qi decided to raise and train his own army. Soon, he had a force of about 4,000 crack troops. They were known locally as "Qi's army" and soon distinguished themselves. In 1561, the Japanese pirates pretended to invade Fenghua and Ninghai with the real aim of attacking Taizhou. Qi Jiguang saw through the enemy's trick, and defeated the invaders at Taizhou. After ridding Zhejiang of the pirate scourge, Qi Jiguang fought Japanese pirates wherever they appeared along Chinese coastal areas. After nearly 10 years of hard fighting, he succeeded in driving the Japanese pirates from the coastal areas of southeast China by 1565.