中国华文教育网
郑和下西洋 Zheng He's Voyages
2009年09月03日 14:34

  郑和下西洋

  明朝前期,中国是世界上最先进、最发达的国家之一。为了弘扬国威和加强与世界各国的联系,明成祖朱棣派郑和多次出使西洋(西洋指文莱以西的东南亚和印度洋一带)。

  郑和(公元1371~1435年),云南回族人,小名三保,又称三宝太监。他聪明好学,立过战功,明成祖非常信任他,派他出使西洋。公元1405年6月,郑和奉命第一次出使西洋。他率领两万多人,包括水手和士兵,还有技术人员、翻译等,携带大量的金、帛等货物乘坐200多艘海船,从江苏太仓刘家港出发,先到占城(今越南中南部),一路经过爪哇、孟加拉等地,到达红海沿岸,后从锡兰、古里(今印度卡里卡特)回国,历经两年,于公元1407年秋,返回南京。郑和的船队满载?金银珠宝、丝绸、瓷器等中国特产,每到一个国家或地区,郑和都把明朝的礼物送给他们,表达了和他们友好交往的愿望。西洋各国非常友好地接待了他和他的船队,有些国家还派使者跟随郑和前来朝见中国皇帝,同时也从各国换回了珠宝、香料等特产。明成祖对郑和的成绩非常满意。郑和前后7次出使西洋,最远到达非洲东海岸和红海沿岸。

  这一时期南洋、西洋许多国家的国王、使臣和商队纷纷来到中国。郑和的出航也为人类航海史作出了巨大的贡献,郑和下西洋比哥伦布发现美洲大陆早半个多世纪。郑和下西洋是世界航海史上的壮举,现在东南亚一带还有许多纪念郑和的建筑物,表达了人们对他的崇敬。

  In the early Ming Dynasty, China was one of the most advanced and developed countries in the world. In order to transmit the national power and strengthen contacts with other countries, Emperor Chengzu sent Zheng He, a senior general and eunuch, on six voyages to the Western Ocean (Southeast Asia west of Brunei and the Indian Ocean) on diplomatic missions. Zheng He's seventh and last voyage was authorized by Emperor Chengzu's successor, Emperor Renzong.

  Zheng He (1371-1435 AD), ethnic Hui (Moslem), was born in Yunnan Province. In 1405, Zheng He embarked on his first voyage. His fleet of more than 200 ships carried well over 20,000 men, including sailors, soldiers, technical personnel, interpreters, etc., and large amounts of gold, precious stones, porcelain and silk to be used for trade and as gifts. The fleet set out from Liujiagang in Jiangsu Province, and sailed westward as far as the Red Sea. The round trip took two years. Some of the countries Zheng He visited dispatched envoys bearing tribute to the Ming court on his ships. Subsequent voyages took Zheng He to the eastern coast of Africa. Zheng He's voyages were a great feat in the world's navigation history. There are still many buildings in present Southeast Asia dedicated to his memory.

【来源:中国华文教育网】