中国华文教育网
秉公执法的“包青天” Bao the Upright Judge
2009年09月03日 14:42

  秉公执法的“包青天”

  中国民间流传着许多有关包公的传说,称他为“包青天”、“青天大老爷”,称赞他执法严明,铁面无私,为老百姓做主。确实,历史上有这样一个清官,他就是宋朝的包拯(zheng)。

  包拯(公元999~1062年)是安徽合肥人,在地方和朝廷都做过官。他在做县官时,据说有一次,他的堂舅犯了法。包拯不讲私情,照样依法办事,派人把他抓到官府,判了死刑。许多亲戚赶来求情,包拯说:“不是我没有情义,谁叫他犯法呢?”

  后来,包拯又到朝廷做官,他也不怕得罪大官。有一年开封发大水,威胁到老百姓的安全。包拯发现涨水的原因是河道被阻塞了。原来一些大官在河道上修筑了花园亭台。为了保证开封的安全,包拯立刻下命令,要这些人把河道上的建筑全部拆掉。即使是皇亲国戚,违反了法令,包拯也毫不留情,他向皇帝提出自己的意见,直到让这些人受到应有的惩罚,才肯罢休。

  对受冤枉(yuanwang)的老百姓,包拯却充满了同情。每次遇到这样的案情,他总是深入调查,详细分析,替百姓伸冤。人们感激他公正执法,都称他为“包青天”。

  包拯做了大官,家里的生活也没甚么变化,穿衣吃饭,跟普通老百姓一样。包拯死了以后,留下一份遗嘱说:“后代子孙做了官,如果犯了贪污罪,不许回老家;死了以后,也不许葬在包家坟地上。”

  包拯一生做官清清白白,受到老百姓的敬仰,民间流传着许多他的故事,大家习惯上都叫他“包公”,包拯的本名倒很少有人提起了。

  Many stories have been handed down among the Chinese people about a judge known for his fearless espousal of justice. He is known as "Clear Sky Bao", meaning that no wrongdoing could be hidden from his impartial eye, and was a historical personage during the Song Dynasty.

  Bao Zheng (999-1062 AD) was from Hefei, in today's Anhui Province. As a county magistrate, he showed no partiality for friends or relatives, even sentencing one of his uncles to death for a crime.

  When Lord Bao, as he came to be known, became a court official, he refused to practice favoritism as regards his fellow officials. One year, there occurred a flood in the capital, Kaifeng, which threatened to engulf the poorer quarters of the city. Bao Zheng found that the flood had been caused by the intrusion of waterside gardens and pavilions built for the pleasure of senior officials. Without any hesitation, he ordered that these constructions be removed.

  Bao Zheng had great sympathy for those who were unjustly convicted. He would determinedly carry out detailed investigations and bring justice to the victims. People admired his character so much that they praised him as the "Clear Sky Bao".

  Although Bao was a high-ranking official, he lived a simple and frugal life just like commoners. His will declared that if his descendants were to be corrupted officials, they would be forbidden to return home and they would be denied the right to be buried in the family graveyard.

  Bao was well respected by people because of his righteousness, and his legend was spread among the regions. Since people were used to call him Lord Bao, his real name was rarely mentioned.

【来源:中国华文教育网】