中国华文教育网
鉴真东渡 Jianzhen Crosses the Ocean to Japan
2009年09月03日 14:46

  鉴真东渡

  当玄奘西游取经返回长安差不多100年以后,唐代另一位佛教大师鉴真,决心东渡日本,传播佛法。

  鉴真,扬州人,少年时出家当和尚。他学问渊博,有深厚的佛学基础,曾担任扬州大明寺住持。

  公元742年,日本天皇派人来到大明寺,请鉴真去日本传播佛法。当时海上交通十分艰险,有人表示疑虑,鉴真果断地说:为了传播佛法,我怎么能怜惜自己的生命呢?但是,鉴真去日本的计划一次又一次受阻。一次出海不久,船只触礁(jiao),又有一次被官府扣留。当他第五次东渡时,遇上狂风大浪,航向发生偏差,船在海上漂流14天后才获救,这次东渡又没有成功。

  不久,鉴真因病而双目失明,但他去日本传播佛法的决心没有丝毫动摇。公元753年,他已经66岁了,又开始了第6次航行。在海上与风浪搏斗了一个多月,鉴真终于登上日本岛,实现了自己的愿望。跟随鉴真渡海东去的还有23名弟子。他们随身带去许多书籍、佛像、经书和其它珍贵物品。

  鉴真居留日本10年,不仅传播了佛法,而且对日本建筑、医学、艺术等方面都有突出贡献。鉴真在奈良设计创建的唐招提寺,被日本人民看作艺术明珠。他的医术在日本也有很大影响,被日本人誉为“医术之祖”。后来他在日本去世。

  Almost 100 years after Xuanzang's return to Chang'an, Jianzhen, another eminent Buddhist monk of the Tang Dynasty, crossed the ocean eastward to Japan, to spread Buddhism. Jianzhen was born in Yangzhou. As the abbot of the Daming Temple in that city, he received envoys sent by the ruler of Japan in 742, who requested that teachers of Buddhism be sent to their homeland. Jianzhen decided to go himself. However, the crossing was fraught with hazards, and it was only on his sixth attempt that Jianzhen-by that time 66 and blind-finally reached Japan, in 753, together with 23 disciples.

  Jianzhen lived in Japan for 10 years. He not only spread knowledge of Buddhism, he also made prominent contributions to Japan's architecture, medicine and art. He designed the Toshodai Temple in Nara, and he is praised as the "Founder of Medicine"by the Japanese people. Jianzhen died in Japan.

【来源:中国华文教育网】