中国华文教育网
松赞干布和文成公主 Songtsen Gampo and Princess Wencheng
2009年09月03日 14:47

  松赞干布和文成公主

  吐蕃人是藏族的祖先,很早就生活在青藏高原一带,过着农耕和游牧的生活。公元7世纪前期,吐蕃杰出的首领松赞干布统一了那里的许多部落,定都逻(luo)些(今西藏拉萨)。

  松赞干布非常喜爱唐朝文化,也希望得到先进而强盛的唐朝的支持,他几次向唐求婚,于是,唐太宗把文成公主嫁给了他。

  公元641年,文成公主在唐朝官员的护送下来到吐蕃,与松赞干布举行盛大的婚礼。吐蕃人民像过节一样,唱歌跳舞,欢迎文成公主入藏。吐蕃人原来住帐篷,据说为了迎接文成公主,特地修建了华丽的王宫,就是今天布达拉宫的前身。

  文成公主读过许多书,很有才华。她入吐蕃时带去了许多医药、生产技术书籍(ji)和谷物、蔬菜的种子,还有唐朝精制的手工艺品。与她一起进藏的还有许多会养蚕、酿(niang)酒、造纸的工匠和会纺织、刺绣的侍女。文成公主信佛教,据说大昭(zhao)寺的基址就是她选定的。先进的汉族文化传入吐蕃,对吐蕃生产和文化的发展起了很大的促进作用。

  文成公主在吐蕃生活了40年。她为汉藏两族人民的友谊作出了贡献,一直受到藏族人民的怀念和爱戴。直到现在,西藏拉萨的大昭寺和布达拉宫中,还保存着文成公主的塑像。在藏族人民中间,流传着许多关于文成公主的美好传说。

  The Tubo people were the ancestors of the Tibetan people. They appeared on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau at a very early period. They were farmers and herders. In the early seventh century, Songtsen Gampo united the various Tubo tribes, and made Luoxie (today's Lhasa) the capital of the Tubo kingdom.

  Songtsen Gampo admired the culture of the Tang Dynasty, and was eager to form an alliance with that powerful empire. In 641, Emperor Taizong sent Princess Wencheng to him as his bride.

  The Tubo people used to live in tents. It is said that a gorgeous palace was built specially for her, which was the predecessor of today'sPotala Palace.

  Princess Wencheng took with her to Tubo medicines, books on science and technology, grain and vegetable seeds, and exquisite handicrafts of the Tang Dynasty. In addition, people who were proficient in raising silkworms, making wine and paper, and weaving and embroidering accompanied her, to teach these arts to the people of Tibet. Princess Wencheng was an ardent believer in Buddhism. It is said that the location of the Jokhang Temple was chosen by her.

  Princess Wencheng lived in Tubo for 40 years, making great contributions to the friendship between the Han and Tibetan peoples. She is still remembered and loved by the Tibetans. Statues of Princess Wencheng are preserved in the Jokhang Temple and Potala Palace. There are many beautiful legends told about Princess Wencheng among the Tibetan people.

【来源:中国华文教育网】