中国华文教育网
贞观之治 The Benign Administration of the Zhenguan Reign Period
2009年09月03日 14:51

  贞观之治

  唐太宗李世民当皇帝时,年号是贞(zhen)观。贞观年间(公元627~649年),唐太宗吸取隋朝灭亡的教训,用心治理国家,实行了很多开明的政策和利国利民的措施,使唐朝政权得到巩固,社会经济得到恢复和发展,从而出现了一个比较安定祥和的社会环境。历史学家把这一时期称为“贞观之治”。

  唐太宗知道要做到政治清明,就要善于用人,还要广泛听取意见。因此只要有才能的人,不管出身贵贱,都能够得到他的重用。魏征敢向太宗直接提意见,即使太宗生气,也不退让。魏征病死,太宗痛哭说,用铜作镜子,可以整理衣帽;用历史作镜子,可以了解兴亡;用人作镜子,可以明白对错,魏征死了,我失去了一面镜子。

  唐太宗采取了许多措施,如合并州县,节省开支;让农民拥有一定的土地;减轻劳役负担,让农民的生产时间得到保证等。这些措施很得民心,唐太宗引用古人的话说,皇帝是船,人民是水;水能载船,也能覆船。

  唐太宗采用较为开明的民族政策,赢得各民族的拥护。北方各族尊称他为“大可汗”。唐太宗还将文成公主嫁给土蕃的王,使汉藏民族关系更加友好亲密,对中国多民族国家的稳定作出了贡献。

  The Benign Administration of the Zhenguan Reign Period

  The reign period (627-649 AD) of the second emperor of the Tang Dynasty, Emperor Taizong, was known as Zhenguan. Drawing lessons from the downfall of the Sui Dynasty, Emperor Taizong carried out many enlightened policies and measures beneficial to the country and the people, which consolidated the state power of the Tang Dynasty, restored social stability and boosted the economy. Therefore, the reign was termed the "Benign Administration of the Zhenguan Reign Period" by historians.

  Emperor Taizong knew that a well-ordered administration needed capable people and a wide range of expert opinions. So he made good use of capable people no matter what their backgrounds were. He once said that using a bronze mirror, one could tidy one'S clothes; using history as a mirror, one could know the way of governing a country; using people as a mirror, one could tell right from wrong.

  Emperor Taizong implemented many measures that enjoyed the support of the people, such as joining counties and prefectures together to reduce expenditure; letting peasants have a certain amount of land; and reducing the burden of corvee labor to ensure that peasants had time to work on their land. Citing an ancient saying, Emperor Taizong said that the emperor was like a boat and the people were like water; water could carry the boat, but it could also capsize it.

  Emperor Taizong won the support of all minority peoples by adopting relatively enlightened policies toward them. The ethnic groups in the north called him "Great Khan" The emperor sent Princess Wencheng to the king of Tubo, in Tibet, which made the relations between the Han and Tibetan peoples closer, and contributed to the stability of China as a multi-ethnic country.

【来源:中国华文教育网】