万里长城 The Great Wall
The Great Wall
The origin of the Great Wall can be traced to defensive walls erected by various states during the Spring and Autumn and Warring States periods (around the seventh century BC). After Qinshihuang united the country, he repaired, linked up and extended the walls built by the former states of Qin, Zhao, Yan and others into huge military defense works which started from the Liaodong Peninsula in the east and ended at Lintao (in today's Gansu Province) in the west - distance of more than 5,000 km. This is the world-famous Great Wall. The Wall was repaired and maintained over the course of many dynasties, especially during the Ming Dynasty, when the work continued for some 200 years.
Nowadays, the Great Wall crosses five provinces (Liaoning, Hebei, Shanxi, Shaanxi and Gansu), two autonomous regions (Inner Mongolia and Ningxia) and one municipality (Beijing) in north China, with a total length of over 6,700 km. It is one of the foremost wonders of the world.
The Great Wall is composed of hundreds of passes, fortresses, towers and stretches of wall. Beacon towers are situated at suitable intervals to give the alarm if an enemy approached.
The parts of the Great Wall located at Badaling, Mutianyu and Simatai in Beijing were all constructed during the Ming Dynasty. These parts of the Wall were built along mountain ridges. On many parts of the Wall five or six horsemen could ride side by side. Parts of the Wall renovated in modern times are popular tourist attractions.